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Understanding Criminal Law With regards to criminal and penal law, it refers to a similar type of law. The type of punishments under these laws will be based on the jurisdiction and the offense that has been made, and it can be distinctive and severe. Generally, the punishments for these type of laws will vary but the most common forms are execution, imprisonment, parole, fines and probation. In some instances, the line between criminal and civil law is not that clear anymore. The members of an indigenous group of people produces the first written code of law many years ago. These early codes did not actually separate the criminal and civil law. What makes a criminal law unique is the failure to follow the rules and the possibility of imposing serious forms of punishments. In cases were imprisonment is ordered, it can be solitary and it can cover an individual’s lifetime. A different kind of confinement is called house arrest where an individual is required to adhere to the rules that are set by the parole or probationary department. People who are convicted can lost their property and money.
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There are five categories of penalties such as retribution, punishment, deterrence, restitution and incapacitation. Depending on the type of jurisdiction, these penalties will also vary..
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Public international law applies to crimes that have an effect on societies or entire areas due to heinous nature that it has. Soon after world war 2 with the trials that have been made in a certain place, public international law started. Through these trials, the individuals started to be held accountable for their actions even if what they were doing was in behalf of the government. These individuals cannot even claim sovereign immunity. Most laws are enforced in such a way that it created a fear of punishment. Typically, criminal law forbids the people from doing undesirable acts. Further evidence that a crime was committed by an action, a lack of action or a threat of action is needed for actus reus or a guilty act. In addition, a physical element is needed for actus reus. In the event that a person is in charge of someone else, whether or not it is because of a contract, living together, blood relation or through an official relation, the rule actus reus will apply. Furthermore, dangerous situations that occurs as a result of a person’s own wrongdoing are also included in actus reus. The Good Samaritan law applies in situations like these. Some of the crimes like regulatory offenses does not need anything more. These type of crimes are referred as strict liability offenses. Since these type of crimes can possibly have severe punishments, the proof of intent must be attained.